Friday, July 3, 2015

Texas Increases Allowances for Surviving Spouse and Children

Hooray for modern times! As part of the new Texas Estates Code, the Texas Legislature finally got around to increasing various exemptions and allowances for surviving family members.

Section 102.004 of the Texas Estates Code clarifies that the homestead of a decedent who is survived by a spouse or a minor child is not liable for the payment of any debts of the deceased’s estate, other than certain debts which may be secured by that homestead under the Texas Constitution – essentially, purchase money or home equity liens, ad valorem property taxes, certain materialmen’s liens, an owelty of partition, or a reverse mortgage.

Effective January 1, 2014, Chapter 353 of the Texas Estates Code sets new amounts for certain allowances that may be claimed by a surviving spouse or certain children of the deceased, prior to payment of any creditor’s claims.

Under Section 353.053, in place of a homestead under Section 102.004 (for persons who lease or otherwise do not have a suitable homestead), qualified survivors can request that the probate court set aside an allowance up to $45,000 – previously, the maximum allowance in place of the homestead was $15,000. 

In lieu of any exempt personal property, the survivors can also request the probate court set aside an allowance up to $30,000 – the previous cap on this allowance was $5,000. 

These two allowances are in addition to the “family allowance” that may be requested under Section 353.102 of the Texas Estates Code for the maintenance of the surviving spouse, minor children, and any adult incapacitated children for one year from the date of the decedent’s death. 

Effectively, the Texas Legislature now permits qualified survivors to set aside up to $75,000 (versus the previous $20,000), as well as a “family allowance” when necessary, to help provide for their care without the fear of such funds being seized by the deceased’s creditors. 

By: Cynthia W. Veidt,